Theses
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2018-01-23
NOSLEN SUAREZ
2018-02-26
BENJAMIN WOLTER
2018-03-23
QUAN LIU
2018-03-28
LARA LAPARRA
2018-05-22
KEVIN SCHÄDLER
2018-06-14
MIRIAM MARCHENA
2018-06-19
CARLOS ABELLAN
2018-07-02
LUKAS NEUMEIER
2018-07-24
SHAHRZAD PARSA
2018-07-25
PAU FARRERA
2018-07-31
BARBARA BUADES
2018-09-06
SIMON COOP
2018-09-13
NICOLAS MARING
2018-09-19
IVAN SUPIC
2018-10-02
ANIELLO LAMPO
2018-10-10
CÉSAR CABRERA
2018-10-11
FLORIAN CURCHOD
2018-10-18
JOSEP CANALS
2018-10-19
ROLAND TERBORG
2018-10-24
MIGUEL MIRELES
2018-10-26
KYRA BORGMAN
2018-11-12
JIL SCHWENDER
2018-12-17
NICOLÁS MORELL
2018-12-18
JUNXIONG WEI

Optical Surfaces for Mid-Infrared Sensing


Kavitha Kalavoor
October 22nd, 2018 KAVITHA KALAVOOR Optoelectronics
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences


The mid-infrared (mid-IR) spectral region, with wavelengths between 3 and 15 µm, is known for a wide range of applications ranging from spectroscopic sensing to thermal imaging. However, despite the strong technological interest, optoelectronic devices in the mid-IR are expensive and often inferior in performance compared to their visible and near-IR counterparts. In this thesis, we combine ultrathin materials, e.g. graphene, and novel substrates to develop optical surfaces for applications in the mid-IR.First, we demonstrate a novel uncooled photodetector, combining graphene with a ferroelectric (pyroelectric) substrate. More specifically, we develop a graphene on z-cut lithium niobate (LiNbO3) pyro-resistive platform that supports dynamic tunablity of the responsivity. We also develop a model to identify the key parameters that influence the performance of such detectors and can therefore provide guidelines to improve their performance.

Second, we introduce ultra-thin yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ), a ceramic material, as a novel platform for IR nano-optics. In particular, we combine YSZ substrates with metallic nanostructures and graphene to demonstrate plasmonic, polarizing and transparent heating devices, which enable high temperature processing and can withstand harsh environments thanks to the high thermal and chemical stabilities of YSZ. Additionally, the mechanical flexibility of YSZ substrates also makes them ideally suited for manufacturing foldable or bendable devices and for low cost large-scale roll-to-roll fabrication processes.

Finally, we investigate for the first time electrostatically tunable graphene nano-hole array surfaces by performing a detailed experimental study of structures with periods as low as 100 nm. We obtain a clear plasmonic response from these surfaces in the range 1300-1600 cm-1. We also demonstrated for the first time that these tunable nanostructures can be fabricated by scalable nano-imprint technique. Such large area plasmonic nanostructures are suitable for industrial applications, for example, surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) sensing. This is because they combine an easy design, extreme field confinement and the possibility to excite multiple plasmon modes for multiband sensing, a feature not readily available in nanoribbons or other localized resonant geometries.

The results contained in this thesis are particularly relevant with regard to extending the use of materials, such as graphene combined with specific substrates (LiNbO3 or zirconia), to mid-IR photodetection, enhanced absorption and molecular sensing.


Monday, October 22, 11:00. ICFO Auditorium

Thesis Advisor: Prof Dr Valerio Pruneri